June Ng, MD, Albert Einstein College of Medicine

In 1980, China implemented a one-child policy to curb population growth they believed would stifle the standard of living in the aftermath of the Cultural Revolution. This was implemented through mandatory intrauterine devices for women with one child, abortion for “unauthorized ” pregnancies, and permanent contraception for couples with two or more children. A lack ...Read more >

Marit Pearlman Shapiro, MD, MPH, University of Hawaii

Hemorrhage is the most common complication of dilation and evacuation (D&E). Prophylactic tranexamic acid has shown been shown to reduce maternal mortality from postpartum hemorrhage with no adverse effects, but has not been studied to reduce bleeding complications with D&E. We propose a randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled pilot study to determine whether routine use of intravenous ...Read more >

Charita Roque, MD, MPH, Johns Hopkins University

Racial inequities in maternal health, although present over centuries, have worsened in the last several decades. Despite growing interest in racial disparities in maternal health, little research has examined disparities in abortion practice specifically. One of the challenges of tracking abortion complications is the overall low complication rate. Cited complication rates of surgical abortions range ...Read more >

Isa Ryan, MD, Northwestern University

Little is known about patients’ experiences of grief after abortion for fetal indications or pregnancy complications in the second trimester. The typical grief response is a process of expected distress during the acute grief period with a transition to integrated grief marked by the development of healthy coping skills and acceptance of the loss. While ...Read more >

Selina Sandoval, MD, University of California, San Diego

We plan to perform a multi-phase project, using implementation science methodologies, to explore pharmacist provision of medication abortion. We will perform an online survey, followed by semi-structured interviews with pharmacists currently prescribing contraception to identify barriers and facilitators to pharmacist provision of medication abortion. The survey and interviews will explore feasibility, acceptability and appropriateness of ...Read more >

Lauren Sobel, DO, MPH, Brigham and Women's Hospital

Lifetime intimate partner violence (IPV) among individuals seeking abortion is estimated to be between 26% and 39%. The economic and psychosocial stressors associated with COVID-19 mandatory lockdowns have resulted in increased IPV. The prevalence of medication abortion has increased over the past decade, while surgical abortion has decreased. Yet individuals who are not safe at ...Read more >

Josephine Urbina, MD, University of California, San Francisco

This is a qualitative study aiming to understand Latinx individuals’ attitudes, experiences and decision making with abortion. We propose an exploratory study of Latinx women from 3 US metropolitan areas with the largest Latinx population: Los Angeles, New York City and Miami. We will recruit participants using social media and confirm history of abortion prior ...Read more >

Virginia Tancioco, MD, MBA, Boston University

Early pregnancy loss (EPL) is defined as a nonviable, intrauterine pregnancy prior to 13 weeks of gestation. In the United States, there are about 1 million EPLs per year. In the ED setting, treating EPL can be challenging. ED physicians normally recommend Obstetrics and Gynecology (Ob/Gyn) outpatient or inpatient consult often leading to a delay ...Read more >

Kathryn Fay, MD, University of Utah

Gender-based violence exists in many formats, including reproductive coercion, a concept newly recognized by the medical community. Reproductive coercion (RC) is defined as behavior that undermines autonomous decision making in areas of reproductive health as a method of maintaining power and control. Several types of coercive behaviors compose RC such as birth control sabotage (e.g. ...Read more >

Stephanie Lambert, MD, Planned Parenthood of Greater New York

This retrospective cohort study aims to determine the effect of cervical preparation with osmotic dilators plus adjuvant overnight mifepristone compared to same-day misoprostol prior to dilation and evacuation between 18 0/7 and 21 6/7 weeks’ gestation on procedure time and other important clinical outcomes. Our sample size (n=574) will also allow greater numbers to describe important but uncommon ...Read more >