Debra Stulberg, MD, University of Chicago

Religious hospitals control a growing share of healthcare in the United States. In Catholic hospitals, clinicians must follow the Ethical and Religious Directives for Catholic Healthcare Services, which restrict provision of contraception, abortion, sterilization, and fertility treatment. Reproductive health policies in other (non-Catholic) religious hospitals are less well understood. In Chicago, two of the three ...Read more >

Jenny Higgins, PhD, MPH, University of Wisconsin, Madison

New research suggests that sexual minority women (SMW) have an increased risk of unintended pregnancy compared to their heterosexual peers. While scholars have documented some of the pathways leading to teen pregnancy disparities for adolescent SMW, few studies have examined adult SMW’s elevated risk of unintended pregnancy, despite distinct differences between adolescent and adult developmental ...Read more >

Sadia Haider, MD, MPH, University of Chicago

There is an urgent need for effective HIV prevention tools for African American (AA) women, a population disproportionately impacted by HIV/AIDS health disparities. Approved by the Food and Drug Administration in 2012 for use by HIV-negative persons, pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is a promising biomedical prevention strategy that has the potential to reduce HIV incidence among ...Read more >

Emily Godfrey, MD, MPH, University of Washington

Population-based registries are essential public health information systems that provide data to support improvements in patient care and clinical decision-making. There are significant gaps in the data around contraceptive safety and efficacy for women with complex medical conditions. As medical advances in the United States (US) allow women with complex medical conditions to live through ...Read more >

Brittany Charlton, ScD, MSc, Boston Children's Hospital

Sexual minority females (i.e., lesbians, bisexuals) are at an increased risk for teen pregnancy and need access to abortion services. This population reports established risk factors for teen pregnancy, such as earlier sexual initiation, more frequently than heterosexuals. It has been suggested, though not empirically examined, that this group may have additional risk factors for ...Read more >

Caitlin Gerdts, PhD, Ibis Reproductive Health

Current literature on the reproductive health of Black women has focused on highlighting differences in reproductive health outcomes between Black women and other racial/ethnic groups. Although, it is acknowledged that the lived experience of Black women contributes to these differences, few studies have attempted to understand the mechanism through which this lived experience influences perspectives ...Read more >

Priya Batra, MD, MS, University of California, Riverside

BackgroundOne-quarter of U.S. women use sterilization for contraception; Medicaid-insured women prefer sterilization over other birth control methods. Approximately half of U.S. sterilization requests go unfulfilled; federally mandated consent regulations and waiting periods governing sterilization under Medicaid serve as structural barriers among low-income women. Despite calls to improve the process for publicly reimbursed sterilization, no efforts ...Read more >

Lori Freedman, PhD, University of California, San Francisco

Catholic hospitals care for one in six U.S. patients and follow the Ethical and Religious Directives for Catholic Healthcare Services, which prohibit abortion, contraception, sterilization, and certain treatment for obstetrical complications. Defenders of institutions’ rights to refuse this care argue that women can simply choose other providers. But, if women are not aware of the ...Read more >

Kavita Arora, MD, MBE, Case Western Reserve University

A healthcare system in which 37-51% of women who desire postpartum sterilization are unable to obtain one due to a lack of a valid signed Medicaid consent form is not delivering patient-centered, medically-appropriate, nor ethically-sound care. Sensitive, thoughtful, and careful considerations are required when approaching this topic due to its complex social and cultural backdrop. ...Read more >

Madina , ScD, MPH, Harvard University

Transmasculine individuals – i.e., people assigned a female sex at birth who self-identify as transgender men, female-to-male (FTM), or a non-binary gender identity along the masculine continuum – are at risk of unintended pregnancy. However, transmasculine people face substantial barriers to health care that may undermine their access to and utilization of contraceptive and abortion ...Read more >